Monday, May 25, 2020

A Clean Well Lighted Place Analysis - 815 Words

Ernest Hemingway did not write a happy, inspiring story. His story â€Å"A Clean, Well-Lighted Place† uses a famous code of behavior to dictate what his characters say and how they act. The story is depressing, dreary, and distressing but it gets the philosophical premises across. He demonstrates to not make trouble for other people, to contain one’s despair and self-pity by sheer will power, and to not judge others and view the unenlightened with pity. Hemingway uses his story to propose that people should not make trouble for other people. A great example when the old, deaf man is still in the cafe. The younger waiter is antsy to go home but the old man is still there, so when he asks for another drink the waiter cuts him off. When he gets†¦show more content†¦After the cafe is closed, he goes to a bar but dislikes the atmosphere, so decides to return home. He depicts it with the imagery, â€Å"Now, without thinking further, he would go home to his room†¦ After all, he said to himself, it’s probably only insomnia. Many must have it.† He is sad with his life so when he cannot find his desired place, clean and pleasant, he goes home instead of bothering other people. He does not force his despair onto others but keeps it inside. Using sheer will power to contain one’s despair and self-pity is a big aspect to Hemingway’s code of behavior. Moreover, Ernest Hemingway suggests to not judge others and view the unenlightened with pity. The older waiter best portrays this with his inter actions with the younger waiter. They are discussing the difference between young and old and the differences between them. The old waiter can relate more to the deaf man and says, â€Å"You do not understand. This is a clean and pleasant cafe. It is well lighted. The light is very good and also, now, there are shadows of the leaves.† He understands the appeal of the cafe compared to the other places opened that late. He chooses to not judge the younger one for his ignorance, but instead feels sorry for him. Furthermore, the young waiter shows his unenlightenment when he talks about the old, deaf man. He is rambling on about how he has a life, where as, the old man’s is over and does not matterShow MoreRelatedA Clean Well Lighted Place Analysis986 Words   |  4 PagesShort stories put forth a desire. A need for more information from the reader to help them further understand the story from what little information they do receive. In a short story, written by Ernest H emingway, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place, tells the life of an elder man who spends his nights in the light. The unusual setting, the use of diction and the dialogue, creates that short story desire from the reader. It is the elder man’s quiet presence in the story, that allowed Hemingway to set theRead MoreA Clean Well-Lighted Place Analysis Essay823 Words   |  4 PagesThe story of â€Å"A Clean, Well-Lighted Place† by Ernest Hemingway indicates the distinction of young and old person. Hemingway has contrasted the two main characters to demonstrate his voice in the text. Throughout â€Å"A Clean, Well-Lighted Place† I will summarize the story, analyze the narrator and author’s point view, discover the voices of the characters, and find reader’s perspective. In the story of â€Å"A Clean, Well-Lighted Place† by Ernest Hemingway start out at a cafà © with two waiters and an oldRead MoreAnalysis Of Ernest Hemingways A Clean, Well-Lighted Place1120 Words   |  5 PagesIn â€Å"A Clean, Well-Lighted Place†, the setting described is dark and eerie. This setting illustrates a depressing mood and foreshadows events later in the story. An old man is drinking himself away at the cafe late at night while two waiters wait to close. The young waiter is eager to close because he is ready to go home to his wife. The old waiter is not focused on closing because he does not have a reason to go home. Also, the old waiter can relate to the old man because he does not have anyoneRead More Analysis of A Clean Well-Lighted Place by Ernest Hemingway Essay examples742 Words   |  3 Pagesstory, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place, first published in 1933, is written in his characteristic terse style. It is the story of two waiters having a conversa tion in a cafà ©, just before closing up and going home for the night. They cannot leave because they still have a customer. One is anxious to get home to his wife, while the other sympathizes with the old man sitting at the table. Without realizing it, they are discussing the meaning of life. I believe that the story takes place during WWIRead MoreAnalysis Of Ernest Hemingway s Hills Like White Elephants And A Clean Well Lighted Place 2195 Words   |  9 PagesDavid M. Wyatt, says that Hemingway has a way of making the beginning of his stories â€Å"raise the very specter of the end against which they are so concerned to defend.† (Wyatt). In his two short stories, â€Å"Hills Like White Elephants† and â€Å"A Clean-Well Lighted Place, Hemingway draws out this uncanny effect in anticipating the sense of an ending. He paints this very minimalistic style, â€Å"only centering on surface elements without giving explicit content of the underlying themes†(Wyatt) he creates. He wantsRead MoreAnalytical Essay : Dead Man s Path By Chinua Achebe And A Clean, Well Lighted Place1337 Words   |  6 PagesWhen you take the word analytical it is asking you to analyze the literature. I will be taking a deeper look into three different short stories. Two of my favorite short stories this semester were Dead Man s Path† by Chinua Achebe and â€Å"A Clean, Well-Lighted Place† By Ernest Hemingway. My third choice was a short story by Viginia Woolf called â€Å"A Haunted House.† â€Å"Dead Man’s Path† was written by a man named Chinua Achebe who was a devout christian. He was very talented and began learning English byRead More Comparing James Joyces Araby and Ernest Hemingways A Clean, Well-Lighted Place1363 Words   |  6 PagesComparing James Joyces Araby and Ernest Hemingways A Clean, Well-Lighted Place As divergent as James Joyces Araby and Ernest Hemingways A Clean, Well-Lighted Place are in style, they handle many of the same themes. Both stories explore hope, anguish, faith, and despair. While Araby depicts a youth being set up for his first great disappointment, and A Clean, Well-Lighted Place shows two older men who have long ago settled for despair, both stories use a number of analogous symbolsRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Hills Like White Elephants Essay1467 Words   |  6 Pagesnot know them only makes hollow places in his writing.† (92) Simple words, vivid images, rich emotions and deep thoughts are the four basic elements of the iceberg theory. Talk about how these stories illustrate four elements of theory. In both short stories, Hemingway describes scenery and characters with simple words directly to give readers a vivid image. Under this sketch, readers can know characters’ emotion and get the theme through their imagination and analysis. First, Hemingway uses conciseRead More Differing Perspectives of Life in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place, By Hemingway1557 Words   |  7 PagesPerspectives of Life in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place A Clean, Well-Lighted Place was written by Hemingway in 1933.   It details an evenings interaction between two waiters, and their differing perspectives of life.   Hemingway uses an old man as a patron to demonstrate the waiters philosophies. Hemingway is also visible in the story as the old man, someone who society says should be content, but has a significant empty feeling inside. This essay will present a line-by-line analysis, with emphasis onRead More Clean Well Light Place Essay596 Words   |  3 PagesClean Well Light Place A Clean Well Lighted Place Earnest Hemmingway Analysis The conversation starts out with the narrator setting up the story and the scene, as most do. An indication is made about the setting in the cafà © with the leaves giving a shadow and hence telling us that the story was taking place on a patio or street of the cafà ©. An old man that was deaf and seems to be on hard times, which he was, especially after finding out that he had recently tried to commit suicide. One of the

Friday, May 15, 2020

Canada Goose Facts Habitat, Diet, Predators, and More

The Canada goose is the largest species of true goose. Its scientific name, Branta canadensis, means black or burnt goose from Canada. While Canada goose is the birds official and preferred name, it is also known colloquially as the Canadian goose. Fast Facts: Canada Goose Scientific Name: Branta canadensisOther Names: Canadian goose (colloquial)Distinguishing Features: Large size, black head and neck, white chinstrap and cheeksAverage Size: Length: 75 to 110 cm (30 to 43 in); wingspan: 1.2 to 1.9 mDiet: Mostly herbivorousLife Span: 10 to 24 years in the wildHabitat: Native to arctic and temperate North America, but introduced elsewhereConservation Status: Least ConcernKingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ChordataClass: AvesOrder: AnseriformesFamily: AnatidaeFun Fact: Canada geese fly in a V-formation, which improves aerodynamics so that they can migrate long distances. Description The Canada goose has a black head and neck and a white chinstrap that distinguish it from other geese (with two exceptions: the barnacle goose and cackling goose). The Canada gooses body plumage is brown. There are at least seven subspecies of Canada goose, but its difficult to distinguish between some of them because of interbreeding among the birds. The average Canada goose ranges from 75 to 110 cm (30 to 43 in) in length and has a wingspan of 1.27 to 1.85 m (50 to 73 in). Adult females are slightly smaller and lighter than males, but they are visually indistinguishable. An average male weighs from 2.6 to 6.5 kg (5.7 to 14.3 lb), while an average female weighs from 2.4 to 5.5 kg (5.3 to 12.1 lb). Distribution Originally, the Canada goose was native to North America, breeding in Canada and the northern United States and migrating further south in the winter. Some geese still follow the usual migration pattern, but large flocks have established permanent residences as far south as Florida. Canada geese naturally reached Europe, where they were also introduced in the 17th century. The birds were introduced to New Zealand in 1905, where they were protected until 2011. The dark yellow and green areas are summer breeding zones, while the blue area is the native winter area. Andreas Trepte Diet and Predators Canada geese are mostly herbivores. They eat grass, beans, corn, and aquatic plants. They sometimes also eat small insects, crustaceans, and fish. In urban areas, Canada geese will pick food from garbage bins or accept it from humans. Canada goose eggs and goslings are preyed upon by raccoons, foxes, coyotes, bears, ravens, crows, and gulls. Adult Canada geese are hunted by humans and sometimes preyed upon by coyotes, gray wolves, owls, eagles, and falcons. Because of their size and aggressive behavior, healthy geese are rarely attacked. Geese are also susceptible to a variety of parasites and diseases. They suffer high mortality if infected by the H5N1 avian bird flu. Reproduction and Life Cycle Canada geese seek mates when they are two years old. Geese are monogamous, although a goose may seek a new mate if the first one dies. Females lay between two and nine eggs in a depression, such as a beaver lodge or are above a stream, on an elevated surface. Both parents incubate the eggs, although the female spends more time on the nest than the male. Goslings are yellow and brown before they fledge into adult plumage. Joe Regan / Getty Images The goslings hatch 24 to 28 days after the eggs are laid. Goslings can walk, swim, and find food immediately upon hatching, but they are vulnerable to predators, so their parents fiercely protect them. During the nesting period, adult Canada geese molt and lose their flight feathers. The goslings learn to fly about the same time as the adult regain flight ability. Goslings fledge between 6 and 8 weeks of age. They remain with their parents until after the spring migration, at which time they return to their birthplace. The average lifespan of a wild goose ranges from 10 to 24 years, but one goose is known to have lived to the age of 31. Migration Most Canada geese undertake a seasonal migration. In summer, they breed in the northern part of their range. They fly south in autumn and return to their birthplace in spring. The birds fly in a characteristic V-shaped formation at an altitude of 1 km (3000 ft). The lead bird flies slightly lower than its neighbors, forming turbulence that improves the lift of the birds behind it. When the lead bird gets tired, it drops back to rest and another goose takes its place. Typically, geese migrate at night, which allows them to avoid nocturnal predators, take advantage of the calmer air, and cool themselves. Thyroid hormones are elevated during migration, speeding goose metabolism, altering muscle mass, and lowering the minimal temperature for muscle performance. Airplane Strikes In the United States, the Canada goose is the second-most damaging birds for airplane strikes (turkey vultures are the most damaging). Most crashes and fatalities occur when a goose strikes an aircraft engine. The Canada goose is more dangerous to aircraft than most birds because of its large size, tendency to fly in flocks, and ability to fly extremely high. The flight ceiling of the Canada goose is unknown, but they have been documented at heights up to 9 km (29000 ft). Several methods are used to reduce the likelihood of aircraft strikes. These include culling, herding, and relocating flocks near airports, making the habitat less attractive to the geese, and applying aversion tactics. Conservation Status By the early 20th century, overhunting and habitat loss lowered Canada goose numbers so significantly that the giant Canada goose subspecies was believed to be extinct. In 1962, a small flock of giant Canada geese was discovered. In 1964, the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center started operations in North Dakota to restore the goose population. Currently, the IUCN Red List categorizes the Canada goose as least concern. With the exception of the dusky Canada goose subspecies, population numbers continue to grow. Habitat change and severe weather are the primary threats to the species. However, the gooses ready adaptation to human habitats and the lack of predators more than offsets threats. The Canada goose is protected outside of hunting seasons by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act in the United States and the Migratory Birds Convention Act in Canada. Sources BirdLife International. (2016). Branta canadensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22679935A131909406.  doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22679935A85972211.enHanson, Harold C. (1997). The Giant Canada Goose (2nd ed.). Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 978-0-8093-1924-4.Long, John L. (1981).  Introduced Birds of the World. Agricultural Protection Board of Western Australia. pp.  21–493.Madge, Steve; Burn, Hilary (1988). Waterfowl: An Identification Guide to the Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-46727-6.Palmer, R. S. (1976).  Handbook of North American birds, Vol. 2: Waterfowl. Pt. 1. Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, CT.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effects Of Corruption On Economic Growth - 1444 Words

In this essay, I will present an argument against theories that propose that corruption may be beneficial to economic growth by presenting theoretical and empirical evidence that suggest otherwise. I will also discuss policies that will prove effective in eliminating corruption in developing countries. The international handbook on the economics of corruption defines corruption as the use of public resources to fund the private purposes. It usually involves the abuse of official power. Economic growth can be defined as an increase in a country’s ability to produce output over a period of time (Investopedia, 2005). Although the consensus view in economic theory is that corruption has a negative impact on economic growth, there are instances where having a corrupt government has actually encouraged economic growth. These are instances where corruption is described as â€Å"economically expansionary† Osterfeld (1992). Leff (1964), a major proponent of this view has argued that some underdeveloped countries with a high level of bureaucracy and weak governance have been able to allocate resources more efficiently because of corrupt government officials. He argues that is because entrepreneurs and potential investors can sidestep the tremendous bureaucracy in these countries through the use of bribery, they are able to do business more efficiently. The Chinese economy in the 1980’s is evidence that supports this theory because corruption acted as a means toShow MoreRelatedCorruption And Its Effect On Economic Growth1487 Words   |  6 Pagesagainst theories that propose that corruptio n may be beneficial to economic growth by presenting theoretical and empirical evidence that suggest otherwise. I will also discuss policies that will prove effective in eliminating corruption in developing countries. The international handbook on the economics of corruption defines corruption as the use of public resources to fund the private purposes. It usually involves the abuse of official power. Economic growth can be defined as increase in a country’sRead MoreEffects Of Corruption On Economic Growth1753 Words   |  8 PagesCorruption has been seen as a major obstacle of rapid economic growth and development. It is a complex phenomenon whose roots lay in political and bureaucratic institutions and affects the economic growth of different countries. It makes the governments intervene where they do not need to, and it weakens the ability of the government to enact and implement policies in areas in which government intervention is needed. Over the years, the dispute of the economic consequences of corruption on economicRead MoreHow Corruption Has Proven Detrimental Effect On Business And Economic Growth1534 Words   |  7 Pagesand Ross (Corruption entrepreneurship) study, the effect s of corruption on the number of establishments in any given municipality have proven to be negative and statistically significant. Over time, corruption has proven to be detrimental to business and economic growth and has long lasting negative effects (entrepernerushipbrazilmuncipalities, 69). Business growth slows or stops all together and only the state owned enterprises are able to persist through an economy riddled with corruption. These stateRead MoreCorruption Is Defined As The Appropriation Of Public Resources1549 Words   |  7 PagesCorruption is defined as the appropriation of public resources for private profit and other private purposes through the use and abuse of official power or influence (Smith, S, C and Todaro, M, P, 2012, P.546). Examples of how governments do this can be through collecting bribes for providing permits and licenses, for giving passage through customs or for prohibiting the entry of competitors (Shleifer, A and Vishny, R,W, 1993, P.599). Corrupti on varies across different economies, which we will analyseRead MoreThe Causes Of The Overwhelming Civil War In Syria1183 Words   |  5 Pagesof most countries in the world. The crisis wakes the interest among researchers and induces them to take a close look at the effect of the crisis on the economic growth in Lebanon. Theoretical literature reviews. 1) Tourism: For Faysal Itani (2016) Lebanon tourism pays the price of the Syria’s war. It threatens the economic growth of the country. †¢ Several foreign countries (US, UK, Canada) place bans, formal or informal, on travel to Lebanon due to securityRead MorePublic Debt And Political Changes Essay1517 Words   |  7 Pages10 shows that, the sharp decline in the rate of economic growth occurred in 2011, the most reasonable explanation for that is the occurrence of 25th of January revolution. This low rate of economic growth continues during period of political instability below its potential growth rate, and it began to improve only after the 30th of June revolution and the partial regaining ofpolitical stability after presidential election in 2014. With economic growth rates that are below their potential rates it wasRead MoreCorporal Punishment in Schools1531 Words   |  7 Pagesimplement to be used, the number of strokes that may be administered, which members of staff may carry it out, and whether parents must be informed or consulted. Depending on how narrowly the regulations are drawn and how rigorously enforced, this has the effect of making the punishment a structured ceremony that is legally defensible in a given jurisdiction and of inhibiting staff from lashing out on the spur of the moment. The first country in the world to prohibit corporal punishment was Poland in 1783  [4]Read MoreCorruption in Indonesia946 Words   |  4 PagesCulture of corruption is deeply entrenched in Indonesian society and remains an ongoing challenge for Indonesia (Temple, 2001). Under Suharto’s regime, corruption was centralized in which the collection of bribes was dominated by government (Macintyre, 2003). In other words, individual officials were prohibited to maximize their personal gains (Temple, 2001). After the Suharto’s fall, Indonesia became more democratic and decentralized which were likely to confront corruption. However, corruption has gottenRead MoreIn Many Developing Countries, Corruption Is A Barrier To1371 Words   |  6 PagesIn many developing countries, corruption is a barrier to economic growth. Corruption can prevent the fair allocation of goods and services to citizens by trickling to aspects of everyday life. On a macroeconomic level, scholars are of the belief that corruption hinders economic growth and development (Mauro, 1995). Definition Corruption is often described as a cancer, one official simply referred to it as â€Å"the AIDs of democracy† (Johnston, 1996). Corruption has been defined in a variety of ways,Read MoreThe Relationship Between Democracy And The Gdp1215 Words   |  5 Pageson a country and it’s economic success. After exploring previous investigations between democracy and the economy, and creating an empirical research design to evaluate the relationship between the growth or decline of democracy and the economic well being of the country; the final crucial step is to analyze whether a relationship between the two exists. It is my hypothesis that in evaluating the data, it will show that as democracy increases, so does the economic growth of a country. In this

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

A futuristic novel by George Orwell Essay Example For Students

A futuristic novel by George Orwell Essay 1984 is a futuristic novel by George Orwell about how life would be under Big Brother. Northern stage, a local acting group, performed it. He based the play on how he thought life would be like in 1984 and how it would be ruled. He thought everyone would be the same, act the same and have to be dressed the same emotions towards each other were forbidden. Northern stage went to Moscow produce parts of film this was played on the big screens to make the play more realistic and to give the viewer a better understanding of the play. Winston is a hero, he does not fit in and you can see the difference from the start. He tries to go against Big Brother. Big Brother watches their every move there is no privacy. Winston dreamt of better places. Dreaming is band He meets Julia his love and turns her against Big Brother too! They are found out and they are tortured until they learn to love big brother and will follow its ways. 2 + 2 = 5 = I love big brother. 2 + 2 = 4 = I hate big brother. This shows that they are not allowed their own opinion. The set of the play was simple but effective. There were two large white screens, which stayed on the whole time. This was very good it meant that they did not have to change the set very much in between scenes. They changed positions for different scenes. They were plain white so your attention wasnt on them they divided up the stage they also had to be white or a light colour to suit the neutral colouring of the characters clothes and so that the film could be projected on to them. The characters wore simple clothing; brown overalls and the women wore a red sash around their waists. These clothes showed that they were no one important and the brown was a dull colour to represent their dull lives and lack off identity. They made sharp simple movements to emphasise their strict life style. At some points in the play they remained still e. g. when the film was on in the background. This showed how they listened to the rules. The lighting was plain white lights, which they flashed when there was danger e. g. when Julia and Winston got caught. These simple lights showed the simple life style. Big Brother was not shown. It was a thing known by the characters. The big screens sometimes showed what Big Brother was watching. This was a good way of saying that Big Brother is watching you. We were left in to guess who was who. Everyone moved in an order apart from Winston, the rebel. He moved how he liked and spoke how he liked which showed that he didnt care about the rules. All the characters sounded like robots, whereas Winston spoke with a carefree attitude to show that he didnt want to live by the rules. At various points in the play he showed his emotion in the way he spoke. The music and sound effects used set the scene in a way. There were sudden bangs when and whenever Big Brother came on it had the same music. There was also the same music when any people with authority came on the scene. E. g. OBrien. This showed their status. The torture scene was very gruesome cries and murmurs were heard while images of Winston being beaten appeared. Winston hated rats and so when he was being tortured at the end they played sounds of rats squeaking were added. They had different levels by using the screens to stand on the back of. The shop owner (Mr Carrington) stood up there, which showed status over Winston. Also at the end when they were torturing Winston, he was lying in a box and the man was standing over him. This showed how the man had won.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

When You Listen To A Piece Of Music You Usually Dont Think Of Math, B Essay Example For Students

When You Listen To A Piece Of Music You Usually Dont Think Of Math, B Essay When you listen to a piece of music you usually dont think of math, but the two are interlinked and music always involves math even though we dont always realize it. When musicians play music they are using mathematical formulas to play. There are formulas for making cords, scales and a formula for the what notes they play. Musical notation also involves math, you use time signatures while playing along to a piece of music which are basically just fractions, 3/4,7/4, and 4/4 are all time signatures. the bottom number in the fraction gives you the type of note to be played and the top gives you the amount of times it is played. There are five basic types of notes to be played in music, the sixteenth note, the eighth note, the quarter note, the half note, and the whole note. For each of these notes you divide the previous note by two. The sixteenth note is divided into two which gives us eight, the eight into four, and so on (see chart). The easiest note to start with is the whole note there is one beat per measure of a song, for the half there is two beats per measure, and so on until there is sixteen beats per measure. We will write a custom essay on When You Listen To A Piece Of Music You Usually Dont Think Of Math, B specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now (www.tabcrawler.com)Guitar chords are also made using a formula, first you get the scale of the type of cord you are trying to form, for example lets say c-major the formula for making a major cord would be tone, tone, semi-tone, which would mean the first note in the scale, the fourth, and the seventh. This is how most musicians make a cord. The first note in the scale is always a full tone as is the last this is because this is two octaves apart and they are the root notes. (guitar player, June 1996)There are twelve tones in an octave ex. C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, B. A full octave would have another C at the end but it is the same pitch as the first C except an octave higher so it is usually left out. Ancient Greeks came up with this method, they said in an octave each note was an integer multiple of the first. There is not a perfect octave however it is always a couple of numbers off the original frequency. log3/log2= continued fraction, is the best fraction to get closest to the perfect octave. if we take the notes frequencies, and build fifths we get pretty accurate to a perfect octave. Twelve is by far the easiest number to get closest to a perfect octave which is why there are twelve tones in an octave. A whole tone is usually from one whole note to the other or one # note to the other except on tow occasions: b-c and e-f there is no # note in between those notes so from b-c and e-f is a whole tone but anywhere else it is three notes ex . a-a#-b (www.classic-guitar.com)Math is also very important while making a guitar. A normal guitar usually contains 21 frets, the spaces in between the frets is usually found by getting the total length of the neck, and then using the rule of 18 which is 17.835. You divide the length of the neck by this number and this gives you the length of the first fret. Then you subtract the length of the first fret from the total neck length and then divide the length by 17.835. You do this until you have the full neck frettedBibliographyBibliography: www.tabcrawler.com, good place for guitar theorywww.classic-guitar.com, good place for time signatureBook: Drum Basics, good source for musical notation]Guitar Theory, good book for musical theory

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

westward migration of settlers essays

westward migration of settlers essays Open land, additional benefits and other existing problems encouraged Americans to expand westward. The American people began to realize that the future of the country lay in the development of its own western resources (Nash 533; 1). There were many reasons that made the people face the grueling and dangerous movement west, but the Regardless of the fact that thousands of Indian nations with rich and distinct cultures had populated the land for thousands of years, Americans considered the west to be an empty wilderness. And in less than fifty years, from the 1803 purchase of Louisiana Territory to the California gold rush of 1849, the nation would expand and conquer the West. The great migration began in 1841 and was stimulated by the depression of 1837 with people with some capital hoping to make a fresh start (Nash 534; 2). By 1845, there were 6,000 Americans in Oregon, and the United States government tried to make the 49th parallel as the boundary without success. The fur trade had since declined in this area so the British agreed to the 49th parallel as the boundary in a treaty in 1846 and thus, American sovereignty was established over the area covered by Washington, Oregon and Idaho. The new acquisitions meant that problems like transportation had to be tackled. A canal across Panama was planned but this didnt materialize for many years. The building of a transcontinental railroad with the financial assistance of the government was debated upon. Also the question of slavery in the newly acquired territories was a more troubling issue and this decided the fate of the United States for the next few years. It was because of the sudden shift of labor from farms to towns that started the westward movement up north. The herding of cattle and sheep took place of agriculture (Nash 538; ...

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Bioterrorism Emergency Preparedness for Hospitals Research Paper

Bioterrorism Emergency Preparedness for Hospitals - Research Paper Example The choice of this mode of terrorism can be advocated the fact that the agents are not easily detected and in most cases, the symptoms are not seen until after several hours or days. Given the nature of bioterrorism and its effect to the public, there is a need for hospitals to come up with a measure that would make sure that they are ready for them at any time. In the United States of America, the agents that are perceived to pose potential to the health and safety of the general population are referred to as select agents. For the hospitals to promptly respond to bioterrorism whenever there take place there need to be proper planning on the things that should be done to either avoid the occurrence or respond to the occurrences. Most biological defense strategies were meant to protect people in the army and not the general population. However, it has been observed in the recent past that there is a need for there to be measures taken by hospitals to make sure that they are always pr epared for disasters that might arise from bioterrorism that might affect the general population in large masses. They need to be prepared for the occurrence of bioterrorism is enhanced by the ease of obtaining a bioterrorism agent. At the moment there is a need for there to be a detection system that will enable the healthcare sector to be able to detect such occurrences before they are spread to large masses. However, since the development of such a system cannot be said to have been successful, it is important for hospitals and the healthcare sector, in general, to make sure that they have in place some preparation for the occurrence of such calamities. One thing that hospitals should make sure that they do is training their personnel on how to handle the affected masses during the bioterrorism attacks.